Top conservationists warn that the Bornean orangutan is on the verge of extinction, as well as the hammerhead shark and whale shark, the world’s biggest fish.
The International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has updated its “Red List” of threatened species, stating that increased human pressure was bringing these three species closer to extinction.
Other animals facing extinction include:
1. Indian Vulture
Location: South-eastern Pakistan and India
Population: Significantly declined since the late 1990s, with its population decreasing as much as 99%.
2. Hector’s Dolphin
• Location: New Zealand Coast
• Population: Estimated at 7,270. The population was about 30,000 in 1970
3. Black Rhino
• Location: South Africa, Zimbabwe, Kenya, Tanzania, Cameroon, Namibia, and Angola
• Population: Estimated at between 2,000 and 5,000
• Location: Currently survives only in scattered populations
• Population: Approximately 3,890
5. Asian Elephant
• Location: China, India and Malaysia
• Population: The wild population was estimated at between 41,410 and 52,345 in 2003.
6. Pygmy Hippo
• Location: Solely in West African countries, including Liberia, Côte d’Ivoire,
Guinea and Sierra Leone
• Population: Fewer than 3,000 pygmy hippos remaining in the wild