The U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Releases Nine Critically Endangered Red Wolves Into The Wild In North Carolina

The recent release of nine highly endangered red wolves into the wild is the first of many steps by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) needed to save the world’s rarest canids that now number as few as only 15 known animals in the wild.

Last year, following a lawsuit brought by conservation groups, a federal court ordered the agency to prepare and implement a plan to restart its previously successful reintroductions of red wolves into the only wild population in the world.

In 2015, the USFWS suspended its longstanding and successful practice of releasing captive red wolves into the wild within the approximately 1.7 million-acre Red Wolf Recovery area in eastern North Carolina. Six years later, as few as seven red wolves remained in the wild.

By contrast, during the first five years of its red wolf reintroduction program, the USFWS released an average of eight wolves per year, totaling 134 red wolves over the program’s 35-year history. Proven conservation measures, such as captive red wolf releases and coyote sterilizations helped the wild red wolf population grow to nearly 130 animals in the late 2000s, and it was estimated at 100 or more wolves from 2002 to 2014.

The Southern Environmental Law Center sued the USFWS in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of North Carolina on November 16, 2020, on behalf of the Red Wolf Coalition, Defenders of Wildlife, and the Animal Welfare Institute, for violations of the Endangered Species Act caused by illegal agency policies that bar the use of proven management measures to save wild red wolves.

The groups filed a motion for preliminary injunction in the case on November 19, 2020, seeking to temporarily prohibit the agency from implementing its recent policy change barring the release of captive wolves into the wild.

As previously reported by WAN, that motion was granted on January 22, 2021, when the court ordered the USFWS to develop a plan for the release of captive red wolves into the wild during the pending litigation. This release of captive wolves into the wild population is pursuant to that plan.

“Each release helps ensure red wolves have a future in the wild,” said Ben Prater, Southeast program director at Defenders of Wildlife. “However, more must be done to bring this species back from the brink of extinction. More releases, pup fostering, and coexistence work are all necessary for the red wolf’s recovery.”

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